My research concerns international security, with a primary focus on the dynamics of international conflict management and resolution. In particular, I am interested in two broad questions. First, what bilateral processes or characteristics promote peaceful relations between disputing actors? Second, what is the role of third-parties in peacefully (or diplomatically) ending specific conflict episodes or transforming a conflictive relationship between countries into one that is more peaceful? In addressing these questions, my research touches upon topics like territorial conflict, international border disputes, interstate rivalries (or protracted conflict), the interstate-civil conflict nexus, democratization, human rights, international law, and various conflict management methods (e.g., negotiations, mediation, or peacekeeping). More recent research also looks at cyber politics.
Google Scholar Page
- International Conflict Management (with J. Michael Greig and Paul F. Diehl). 2019. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles:
- "The Cart and the Horse Redux: The Timing of Border Settlement and Joint Democracy" (with John A. Vasquez). 2019. British Journal of Political Science 49(1):339-354. [Online Appendix]
- "Conflict Management in Land, River, and Maritime Claims" (with Sara McLaughlin Mitchell). 2019. Political Science Research & Methods 7(1):43-61.
- "Foundations for Integrating the Democratic and Territorial Peace Arguments." 2019. Conflict Management and Peace Science 36(1):63-87.
- "Democracy and the Settlement of International Borders, 1919-2000" (with Douglas M. Gibler). 2018. Journal of Conflict Resolution 62(9):1847-1875.
- "The International Border Agreements Dataset" (with Allison K. Cuttner and Brent Buck). 2018. Conflict Management and Peace Science 35(5):559-576.
[Online Appendix] [Dataset]
- "What's So Peaceful about Asian Peace?" (with Blake Hoffman, Paul F. Diehl, Gary Goertz, and Yahve Gallegos). 2018. Asian International Studies Review 19(1):49-73.
- "The Necessity of Research-Informed International Relations: Announcing a New Editorial team for International Studies Review" (with Amanda Murdie, Naji Bsisu, Sam R. Bell, K. Chad Clay, Nicole Detraz, Dursun Peksen, and Timothy M. Peterson). 2018. International Studies Review 20(1):1-2.
- "Border Settlement and the Movement toward and from Negative Peace" (with Paul F. Diehl and Gary Goertz). 2017. Conflict Management and Peace Science 34(2):176-193. [Online Appendix]
- “The Diffusion of International Border Agreements” (with K. Chad Clay). 2016. Journal of Politics 78(2):427-442.
- "Border Settlement, Commitment Problems, and the Causes of Contiguous Rivalry” (with Toby J. Rider). 2015. Journal of Peace Research 52(4):508-521.
- “Forecasting Conflict Management in Militarized Interstate Disputes.” 2015. Conflict Management and Peace Science, 32(1):50-75.
- “The Conflict Management Efforts of Allies in Interstate Disputes” (with Derrick V. Frazier). 2014. Foreign Policy Analysis, 10(3):243-264.
- "Regional Influences on Mediation Behavior" (with Derrick V. Frazier and Virginia Sanders). 2014. International Negotiation 19(2):285-314.
- “Conflict Management Trajectories in Militarized Interstate Disputes: A Conceptual Framework and Theoretical Foundations.” 2014. International Studies Review 16(1):50-78.
- “Democratization and International Border Agreements.” 2013. Journal of Politics 75(3):717-729.
- “Clearing the Hurdle: Border Settlement and Rivalry Termination.” (with Toby J. Rider). 2013. Journal of Politics 75(3):757-772.
- “Signing Up for Peace: International Boundary Agreements, Democracy, and Militarized Interstate Conflict.” 2012. International Studies Quarterly 56(1):51-66.
- “Demanding Peace: The Impact of Prevailing Conflict on the Shift from Peacekeeping to Peacebuilding” (with Alexandru Balas and Paul F. Diehl). 2012. Peace & Change 37(2):195-226 .
- "Mediation and Its Compatibility with Other Conflict Management Approaches" (with J. Michael Greig and Paul F. Diehl). 2019. In Research Handbook on Mediating International Crises, edited by Jonathan Wilkenfeld, Kyle Beardsley, and David Quinn. Northampton, MA: EE Elgar, pp. 63-78.
- "The International Court of Justice" (with Sara McLaughlin Mitchell). 2017. In Handbook of Judicial Behavior, edited by Robert M. Howard and Kirk A. Randazzo. New York: Routledge, pp. 445-466.
- "The Steps to War: Theory and Evidence." 2017. In Encyclopedia of Empirical International Relations Theory, edited by William R. Thompson. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- "Issues, Leaders, and Regimes: Reaching Settlement in Northern Ireland." 2017. In Theories of International Relations and Northern Ireland, edited by Timothy J. White. Manchester: Manchester University Press, pp. 36-54.
- “Extending Peace to the Grassroots: The Need for Reconciliation in Northern Ireland after the Agreement” (with Timothy J. White and Meghan E. Clarke). 2013. In Lessons from the Northern Ireland Peace Process, edited by Timothy J. White. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, pp. 227-267
- “International Governmental Organizations” (with Paul F. Diehl). 2012. In The Encyclopedia of Globalization, edited by George Ritzer. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing.
- "The Transformation of International Law between the World Wars." 2019. Cambridge Review of International Affairs.
Guest Edited Journal Issues:
- "Exploring Interdependence in International Conflict Management" (with Molly M. Melin). 2015. Conflict Management and Peace Science, 32(1).
To obtain replication data for published articles, please see my Dataverse page and/or the data repository for the journals in which my work appears.
Book Manuscripts (including those under review):
- Crisis Diplomacy (with John A. Vasquez). 2019. University of Illinois/University of Georgia.
- Dangerous Ground: Interstate Rivalry and the Settlement of Borders (with Toby J. Rider). 2019. Texas Tech University/University of Georgia.
Working Papers (including those under review; date of last draft update listed):
- "Causing a Crisis: Simulating Interstate Crisis Conditions as a Learning Exercise in Crisis Diplomacy” (with Matthew Clary and Virginia Sanders). 2015.
- "Conflict Management Trajectories: Explaining the Evolution of Conflict Management in Militarized Interstate Disputes.” 2015. University of Georgia.
- "The Evolution and Causes of Territorial Peace in the Americas (with Luis Schenoni, Gary Goertz, and Paul F. Diehl). 2019.
- "Is Peacemaking Good Politics? Investigating the Relationship between Border Settlement and Leader Turnover" (with Krista E. Wiegand and Thorin M. Wright). 2018. .
- "Judicialization of the Sea: Bargaining under the UNCLOS Regime" (with Sara McLaughlin Mitchell). 2019.
- "Major Processes and Structures of Conflict Management and Global Governance" (with Paul F. Diehl and J. Michael Greig). 2018. Prepared for Routledge Companion to Peace and Conflict Studies, edited by Sean Byrne.
- "Cyber Escalation and Deterrence." Prepared for edited book manuscript under a Minerva Grant.
Please see my curriculum vitae.
Grants (awarded only):
- United States Institute of Peace (with Paul Diehl and Gary Goertz; $86,205 total; $35,922 to the University of Georgia). 2019-2020.
- Minerva Research Initiative, Department of Defense (with Paul Hensel, Sara Mitchell, and Krista Wiegand; $669,476 total; $112,643 to the University of Georgia). 2016-2018.
- School of Public and International Affairs, Internal Research Grant ($5,000). 2014-2015.
- University of Georgia Faculty Research Grant ($10,000). 2013-2014.
- School of Public and International Affairs, Internal Research Grant ($5,000).
- Program Chair, Conflict Processes, American Political Science Association. 2020.
- Editorial Board, International Studies Quarterly. 2019-present.
- Book Editor, International Studies Review. 2018-present.
- Treasurer, Peace Science Society. 2017-present.
- Grant Review panel [details redacted]. 2017-2021.
- Reviewer (various journals and books). 2011-present.
“Paths to Peace: Conflict Management Trajectories in Militarized Interstate Disputes.” 2011. University of Illinois.
Dissertation Committee: Paul F. Diehl (Chair), John A. Vasquez, Derrick V. Frazier, Jude Hays.
Abstract: Without resorting to coercive actions (e.g., sanctions or military involvement), how does the international community respond to conflicts between states? Studies of third-party conflict management typically examine only one strategy at a time (e.g., studies of mediation) and assume that third-party conflict management efforts are independent of one another. This project attempts to overcome these limitations by directly theorizing about how conflict management efforts are informed by various third-parties’ previous efforts to manage the same conflict. I propose that third-party international actors are not only aware of previous attempts to manage the conflicts in which they become involved, but also that these third-parties account for the earlier attempts when deciding what to do next. More specifically, I argue that the international community wants peace, but at the lowest price possible. Third-parties therefore start with the lowest-cost conflict management strategies and use increasingly more costly strategies as their efforts fail. Quantitative analysis evaluates my theoretical argument against a number of competing logics using data on third-party conflict management attempts between 1946-2001. A small number of conflict cases then show my argument in action, and a series of simulations illustrate the policy contributions of the project.
Misc. Research Positions:
- Editorial Assistant, International Interactions, Spring 2009-Summer 2011. Administrative management of manuscripts/coordination of the peer review process and data collection/reporting (Paul F. Diehl, Editor-in-Chief).
- Research Assistant
(a) Paul F. Diehl, Spring 2009-Spring 2011. Data collection, bibliographic research, and construction of instructional materials.
(b) John A. Vasquez, Spring 2008-Summer 2011 (Intermittent). Data collection, statistical analysis, and presentation construction/preparation.
- Conference Coordinator/Graduate Assistant, What Do We Know About Interstate War?Conference, 2010, October 15-17 (John A. Vasquez, Conference Host/Organizer).
- Research Assistant, Center for the Study of Democratic Governance, University of Illinois, Summer 2006-Summer 2008. Project Contact, Central Bank Independence Project. Data collection, coding scheme research/construction, data coding (supervision and participant), and data analysis.
Data Sets Created:
- Militarized Interstate Disputes: Issues and Connections to Civil Conflict (with Paul F. Diehl and Gary Goertz). 1900-2015.
- International Border Agreements Dataset, 1816-2001. University of Georgia.
- Central Bank Independence Dataset, 1945-2008. Cline Center for Democracy, Societal Infrastructures and Development Project.